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How to feed your new born baby
Baby, Moms' Corner

How to feed your new born baby

Alternative Text By: Abba Lanong | December 6, 2018

One of the most important choices to make as new mother is how to feed our new born baby and it’s the most common concerns among new parents.

Should I breastfeed or bottle fed?

For me personally, it goes beyond any doubt it has to be breastfeeding and experts recommend that babies should exclusively breastfed for the first 6 months.

Breast milk is the perfect food for a baby’s digestive system.

It has all the nutrients that a newborn needs and all of its components – lactose, protein and fat – are easily digested.

Breast milk has antibodies that help protect babies from many infectious illnesses, including diarrhoea and respiratory infections.

Breast-feeding your baby for the first six months is the best option for both the mother’s health and the baby’s health. However, making the decision how to feed a new born baby is a personal choice.

Most new-borns need eight to 12 feedings a day – about one feeding every two to three hours. A new born feeding schedule can be unpredictable especially those few initial weeks. However, here are few things to keep in mind about how to feed your new born baby:

0-4 months

0-4 months

Whether you decide to formula feed or breast feed or use a mix of both, a liquid diet is all our baby needs for the first few months.

Breast-feeding makes feeding simple, no other fluids are needed for a breast-fed baby; breast milk is the most natural food for human babies because it protects the baby against infections and diseases. Breast-feeding is convenient; you don’t have to prepare bottles.

Always keep an eye and check on the baby to know how much and how often to feed; stirring and stretching, sucking motions and lip movements are signs of hunger.

Whenever the baby stops sucking, closes their mouth, or turns away from the nipple or bottle, he or she might be full or simply taking a break. Try burping the baby or wait for some time before feeding them again.

For formula feeders, always make sure to check the manufactured date and expiry date before buying; make sure to mix the formula according to the instructions on the label.

Always wash your hands before you handle the formula, offer only the amount of formula you think your baby will finish at one setting.

Keeping that in mind, the baby’s position should be comfortable.

Whatever method of feeding you end up using, whether it is breastfeeding or formula feeding, your baby will be receiving the nutrition that they need for healthy growth.

4 months – 1 year

4 months – 1 year

What the babies eat strongly affects their long-term body weight, health, metabolic programming, immune system, introducing new foods to babies is both exciting and confusing for new parents.

Typically, babies, 4 to 6 months old are introduced to solids slowly and for some babies start at 6months.

Bear in mind; always offer food that’s small, soft, and smooth to avoid choking since the baby has just started learning the mechanics of chewing and eating.

Always include soft pureed foods including iron fortified rice cereal, squash, sweet potatoes, applesauce, pears, peaches and bananas.

Feed your baby in the same place for every meal, every day, so that the baby is in a secured seat; let the baby eat at their own pace to avoid choking hazard.

If baby refuses to eat, try solid feedings again in a few days; introduce one new food at a time and feed that one food for a few days to watch for food intolerances.

Always trust your instincts

We might worry if our new-born is eating enough, but babies usually know just how much they need. Don’t focus on how much, how often or how regularly your new-born eats. Instead, look for contentment between feedings and steady weight gain.

In the end, how you feed your baby will be a personal choice for you, which will depend on many factors individual to you, your baby and your family.

Nevertheless, deciding whether to do this is a personal decision and you need to consider both the pros and cons of both types of feeding and what’s best for your child.

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This content has been certified by our panelist Dr. Rajiv Chhabra

Dr. Rajiv Chhabra

20 years of experience

Consultant - Paediatric & Neonatal Intensivist Head of Department - Paediatrics Artemis Hospitals

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